Kesse PLLC

On January 1, 2024, a new reporting requirement goes into effect that will require millions of small businesses to file a Beneficial Ownership Information Report with the U.S. Department of Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. The Corporate Transparency Act marks a significant milestone in the realm of corporate governance and financial transparency in the United States. Enacted as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the CTA aims to combat illicit financial activities, money laundering, and the misuse of corporate structures for unlawful purposes. In this blog post, we will delve into the key provisions of the Corporate Transparency Act and its implications for businesses.

Beneficial Ownership Disclosure:

One of the central pillars of the Corporate Transparency Act is the requirement for businesses to disclose their beneficial ownership information to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). Beneficial owners, defined as individuals who directly or indirectly control the company, will need to provide their full legal name, date of birth, current address, and a unique identification number (such as a driver’s license or passport number).

Reporting Obligations:

Every corporation, LLC, or other entity created by the filing of a document with a Secretary of State or similar office under the law of a state or Indian tribe is required to file a Beneficial Ownership Information Report unless it qualifies for an exemption. Certain entities created in foreign countries and registered to do business in the United States are also required to file a Beneficial Ownership Information Report.

A U.S. domestic reporting company created before January 1, 2024 must file its initial Beneficial Ownership Information Report not later than January 1, 2025.

A U.S. domestic reporting company created on or after January 1, 2024 must file a report within 30 calendar days of the date on which it receives actual or public notice that its creation has become effective. There is a proposal to expand this deadline from 30 to 90 days, but this proposed change is not yet final.

If there is any change in the information reported about the reporting company or its beneficial owners, the reporting company must file an updated report within 30 calendar days after the date on which the change occurs.  This includes a change in who the beneficial owners are and if the reporting company becomes eligible for an exemption.

If a report was inaccurate when filed, a corrected report must be filed within 30 calendar days after the reporting company becomes aware of or has reason to know of the inaccuracy.

The initial Beneficial Ownership Information Report and all updates and corrections will be filed electronically with FinCEN through a system that will be available via FinCEN’s website. There is no fee for filing the reports.

FinCEN will not start accepting Beneficial Ownership Information Reports until January 1, 2024.

Additional information on Beneficial Ownership Information reporting can be found by accessing FinCEN’s website at

Small business can also review FinCEN’s “Small Entity Compliance Guide,” a user-friendly workbook with checklists and flow charts, for additional information pertinent to small businesses. The Guide has frequently answered questions and explanations covering many aspects of the Beneficial Ownership Information reporting program, including the exemptions.

Exemptions and Exceptions:

Certain entities are exempt from the reporting requirements, such as publicly traded companies and certain regulated entities like financial institutions. There are 23 categories of entities that are exempt. Most exemptions are for entities that are already subject to substantial federal or state regulation.

There is also an exemption for a “large operating company”.  A “large operating company” is an entity that (i) employs more than 20 full-time employees in the United States, (ii) has an operating presence at a physical office within the United States, and (iii) has filed a federal income tax or information return in the United States for the previous year demonstrating more than $5 million in gross receipts or sales.

Additionally, the Corporate Transparency Act includes provisions for granting exemptions on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration specific circumstances that may warrant relief.

Confidentiality and Security:

The Corporate Transparency Act emphasizes the importance of safeguarding the confidentiality and security of the beneficial ownership information submitted to FinCEN. Access to this information is restricted to authorized government officials and entities for law enforcement and national security purposes.

Implications for Businesses:

  • Enhanced Accountability and Anti-Corruption Measures: By requiring the disclosure of beneficial ownership information, the Corporate Transparency Act aims to enhance corporate accountability and deter the misuse of corporate structures for illegal activities. This measure is expected to be a powerful tool in combating corruption, money laundering, and other financial crimes.
  • Compliance Challenges: Businesses must be prepared to navigate the compliance landscape introduced by the Corporate Transparency Act. This involves establishing robust internal processes to identify and report beneficial ownership information accurately and promptly. Non-compliance could result in severe consequences, including fines and potential legal action.
  • Potential Impact on Privacy: While the Corporate Transparency Act addresses legitimate concerns related to financial crimes, there are discussions about the potential impact on individual privacy. Striking a balance between transparency and privacy remains a challenge, and ongoing dialogue may shape how the legislation is implemented and refined over time.


The Corporate Transparency Act represents a pivotal shift towards greater transparency in corporate structures, with the aim of curbing illicit financial activities. As businesses adapt to the new reporting requirements, staying informed about the intricacies of the Corporate Transparency Act and seeking legal counsel can be crucial for ensuring compliance and navigating potential challenges. Ultimately, the Corporate Transparency Act underscores the government’s commitment to fostering a transparent and accountable business environment in the United States.

Contact Us:

If you have any questions regarding the Corporate Transparency Act or your reporting obligations, kindly contact us via e-mail at [email protected] or call 346-348-0239.